Document based question essay format


Moreover, example B is a thesis because it tells its readers what they will accept if the essay is persuasive. Finally, example B gives the author something specific to do, namely, build and support an argument that explains why we should conclude that the unifications of Italy and Germany were engineered by the aristocracy.

The architects of both Italian and German unification were conservative, northern, aristocrats. The middle classes played virtually no role in Italian unification and, in the south, initially opposed the unification of Germany. The working classes and peasantry followed the lead of the aristocracy in both the unification of Italy and that of Germany.

Notice how the topic sentences add up logically to the thesis, and how each gives you something specific to support in the body of the paragraph. The paragraphs that follow the topic sentences should present specific examples that illustrate and support its point.

That means that each paragraph is made up of two things: factual information and your explanation of how that factual information supports the topic sentence. When making your outline, you can list the examples you want to use. For our question, the outline would look something like this:. Thesis: The unifications of both Italy and Germany were engineered by the aristocracy. Topic sentence A: The architects of both Italian and German unification were conservative, northern, aristocrats.

Both took leadership roles and devised unification strategies.

What Is a DBQ Essay?

Topic sentence B: The middle classes played virtually no role in Italian unification and, in the south, initially opposed the unification of Germany. Specific examples: Italy—mid-century Risorgimento, a middle-class movement, failed, and played virtually no role in subsequent events. Germany—middle-class liberals in the Frankfort Parliament were ineffective; middle-class liberals in southern Germany were initially wary of Prussian domination; they rallied to the cause only when Bismarck engineered the Franco-Prussian War.

Topic sentence C: The working classes and peasantry followed the lead of the aristocracy in both the unification of Italy and Germany. Specific examples: Italy—the working classes played no role in the north; the peasantry of the south followed Garibaldi, but shifted without resistance to support of Cavour and the king at the crucial moment.

The working classes in Germany supported Bismarck and Kaiser Wilhelm I of Prussia; the socialists, supposedly a working-class party, rallied to the cause of war. A conclusion is not necessary and you will get little or no credit for one. If you have time remaining and you are happy with all the other aspects of your essay, then you can write a one paragraph conclusion that restates your thesis.

There are some things that sabotage an otherwise promising essay and should be avoided. Follow these guidelines:. Your goal is to write the clearest sentence possible; most often the clearest sentence is a relatively short sentence. No matter how fascinating or insightful you find some idea or fact, if it does not directly support or illustrate your thesis, do not put it in.

Do not ask a lot of rhetorical questions and do not go for a surprise ending. The readers are looking for your thesis, your argument, and your evidence; give it to them in a clear, straightforward manner. As we learned in Chapter 3, the document-based question is simply an essay question about primary sources.

About the DBQ format for AP US History

It asks you to respond to a question by interpreting a set of excerpts typically 10—12 from documents that were written in a particular historical period. It is administered after the short break which follows the multiple-choice section of the exam. Because the DBQ involves reading and organizing short excerpts from documents, it begins with a 15 minute reading period. Following the reading period, you will have 45 minutes to write your essay. Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents 1— The documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.

Write your answer on the lined pages of the Section II free-response booklet. This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand historical documents. Write an essay that:. You may refer to relevant historical information not mentioned in the documents.

Notice that the first and third of the bulleted instructions will be taken care of automatically if you follow the five-step guide to writing a short history essay of high quality. The key to the first two DBQ specific instructions is to remember to group the documents. You do not want to take them one by one, because that will take too long and will lead you to simply repeat what each document says the individual summarizing that the instructions tell you to avoid.

If you force yourself to group them at the beginning, you will be forcing yourself to analyze them because the way you group them will automatically say something about the relationship between them. By keeping the couple of special instruction of the DBQ in mind, the five steps to outlining a short history essay can easily be modified for the DBQ:.

Step 1: As you read the documents, decide how you are going to group them.

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What is a DBQ? An Introduction to Document Based Questions

Step 2: Compose a thesis that explains why the documents should be grouped in the way you have chosen. Step 3: Compose your topic sentences and make sure that they add up logically to your thesis. Step 4: Support and illustrate your thesis with specific examples that contextualize the documents. Step 5: If you have time, compose a one-paragraph conclusion that restates your thesis.

Causes and Effects Examples. Turning Points Examples.

AP US History DBQ example 1

The topics tend to be general and the question looks to address the AP History Disciplinary Practices and Reasoning Skills see earlier. The DBQ will be on a topic from periods Here is a guide as to how you should write your essay.

It is your job to group the 7 documents into different categories and argue a thesis. Do I have a detailed thesis?

Did I put the documents into historical context? Did I utilize at least six of the documents to support the argument? Is my outside information impressive? Did I demonstrate a complex understanding of what the question is looking for?


  • How to Write a DBQ Essay: Key Strategies and Tips;
  • Preparing for the DBQ!
  • elements of essay style.

Did I use evidence to corroborate, modify, or qualify an argument? The new DBQ will have 7 Documents, and most likely ask you a question that can have two different sides to it. The exam wants you to make a defensible thesis or claim which responds to all parts of the question. Be warned! Do not just use the sentence they give you as your thesis. We know that there are economic, political, and social causes for conflict.

If you get a little creative, it will help your grade. Average Thesis : The economic, political, and social issues of the antebellum period all created a division between North and South that eventually led to the Civil War. Better Thesis : Although economic, political, and social divisions all brought about increased tensions before the Civil War, it was the economic differences between North and South which led to political turmoil as well as social unrest concerning slavery. The second thesis shows a greater level of creative and critical thinking. Mark up those documents in the 15 minute reading period!

Include only the vital bits and pieces from them. Use the clock or bring a noiseless watch to the testing site, and keep an eye out on the time!

AP US History DBQ example 1 (video) | Khan Academy

You should be able to write down in the margin of each document the answers to the following:. What are the important and relevant details of this document? Where does it fit into my essay, and how does it relate to the history reasoning skill being targeted?

Document based question essay format
Document based question essay format
Document based question essay format
Document based question essay format
Document based question essay format
Document based question essay format
Document based question essay format
Document based question essay format

Related document based question essay format



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