The Three Components of the Criminal Justice System | Legal Beagle
One example would be the US Department of Homeland Security, which addresses the problem on human trafficking. Meanwhile, state and other local-government police organizations vary in structure, as well as in names. However, the mission is the same as the others': to enforce laws, maintain peace and order in the communities they serve, and provide their constituencies safety and security.
The adjudication of a criminal case involves court processes. In plain terms, adjudication refers to the legal process by which a judgment is pronounced by the court to the parties in a case.
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- The Components Of The Criminal Justice System.
As with the law enforcement component of the criminal justice system, the courts are organized at federal, state, and special-jurisdiction levels. The prosecutor, in turn, determines whether or not the incident will prosper into a criminal case, in which the suspected offender will be charged with the crime.
It is not uncommon for the prosecutor to drop or dismiss charges altogether, for reasons that include: lack of evidence and weak police investigation. It is the prosecutor that takes the side of the victim and, accordingly, the state society or community , which the crime has also affected. With the aid of a legal counsel, the suspect now a defendant enters a plea of either guilty or not guilty. Trial- The arraignment progresses into trial to determine the guilt of the suspect if the not-guilty plea was not entered.
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In the event of a guilty verdict, the offender is convicted and the court will determine the sentence. A trial is characterized by an argument that has two sides: the prosecution and the defense.
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On the one hand, the prosecution represents the interests of the victim and , in effect, the society or state that the offender is suspected to have violated. On the other, the defense asserts the innocence of the offender and labors to get the offender acquitted. A trial often results in an appeal, in which the disadvantaged side prosecution or defense will try to shift the advantage. In this instance, the case is elevated in a higher court, which either upholds or overturns the earlier decision.
Sentencing- A court conviction corresponds to a sentence, which is the penalty imposed on the offender who has been found guilty as a result of the preceding trial. The court system includes prosecution and defense lawyers, judges and juries. These individuals make sure offenders are given fair trials. Judges, also known as finders of facts, hear the cases and preside over the participants to make sure that all laws are followed while the cases are being tried.http://nttsystem.xsrv.jp/libraries/69/wug-iphone-8-unlimited.php
The Relationship between Police, the Courts and Corrections
Some cases are tried in front of a judge only, while others have a jury of 12 citizens who determine the guilt or innocence of a defendant based on facts brought forth during a trial. A jury may also make a recommendation of what a sentence should be. A judge ultimately decides a sentence unless there are pre-determined sentencing guidelines that need to be followed. Sentencing guidelines are more prevalent in the federal justice system.
U.S. Criminal Justice System
The third and final component of the criminal justice system is corrections. At the core, there are three basic parts of our criminal justice system: law enforcement , courts , and corrections. Law enforcement officers investigate crimes, gather and protect evidence, and take reports on various crimes.
Officers may arrest offenders, give testimony in court, and continue investigating after making an arrest. While many municipalities do not require law enforcement officers to attend a criminal justice school in Connecticut, studies have shown that officers who pursue an education are more effective at their job. Police officers with a higher level education are significantly less likely to use force during a citizen encounter than those with only a high school education or GED, according to a paper published in Police Quarterly in Courts are overseen by judges, whose role is to make sure the rule of law is followed and adjudicate what happens in the courts.
Along with juries, judges hear evidence presented by attorneys who argue for the guilt or innocence of the accused.
Judges can also accept or reject plea agreements, oversee trials, and sentence offenders convicted of a crime.
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